Romania

As surface and population, Romania is one of the most important states in the Balkanic area.

Our country covers an area of 238.391 square kilometers and it is located in the Eastern Europe, being surrounded by Ukraine, Hungary, Bulgaria and Serbia. The Black Sea forms the border of Romania in the south-east  and the relief of the country is arranged like an amphitheatre (31% mountains, 33% plateaux, 36% plains).

The territory of Romania is divided into 9 geographical areas: Transylvania, Banat, Crişana, Maramureş, Bucovina, Moldova, Dobrogea, Muntenia and Oltenia, which, in turn are divided in 41 counties, the capital being in Bucharest.

Romania has 21,7 million inhabitants: 90.2% Romanians, 6,6% Hungarians, 2,4% Gypsies, 0,3% Ukrainians, 0,28% Germans.

From an economic point of view, our country has has a great forming potential, many tourist attractions and possibilities, a hospitable, nice, tolerant people.

Because of its position, our country’s climate is temperate continental.Climatic conditions are somewhat modified by the country’s varied relief.  There are four seasons and not big variations of temperature.The average annual temperature is 11 °C  in the south and 8 °C in the north.

The Romanian people was formed at the beginning of the 1st millennium, on a vast area from Greece to Poland and from Switzerland to Ukraine.Here, the Thracian tribes fell under the influence of the Roman Empire and the Romanians,who are the only descendants of the Roman world from the Eastern Europe, preserved,along with the French, the Italians and the Spanish, the Latin legacy in their language.

The Romanian people (Romanian from the Latin romanus) is an island of Latinity among the Slavonic and Finnish/Ugric people and languages.

Being Orthodox Christians(Byzantine), starting with the forth century AD, the former Dacian/Romans evolved in three separate regions: Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania.

After 1859, the Romanians succeeded to join in a modern unitary state.

The modern state of Romania was ruled by King Carol I in the Sigmaringen (Baden-Wurtenberg) branch of the Hohenzolern family and his heir Ferdinand (the Great).

After two decades of economic development, political and cultural progress, following the 1st World War, Romania’s integrity was destroyed in 1940, by political decisions in Moscova and Vienna.

In 1945,after four years of war and 700,000 lost lives, Romania’s regions were reunited, but the victory of the Soviet Army in the war, brought about the Russian influence and the Communist regime.

In the ’60 seemed that Romania had some original ideas in politics (it was the only communist country which refused to invade Czechoslovakia with USSR, GDR, Poland and Hungary) but soon the dictator Ceausescu imposed an authoritarian rule. The events in 1989 put an end to this historical period in Romania.